What Is The Difference Between Vector And Raster?

Vector and raster / bitmap are images that have different properties, formats, sizes in the scope of graphic design. Now for you, the young designers are obligatory, must, should you know what is vector and raster?

In this article I want to share about Understanding Vector and Raster, because I have also learned about understanding and raster, which is still in Vocational School, so it is pretty good to know a little bit: D hehe


Vector images are images formed from a number of lines / curves. This line does not depend on the number of pixels, so when zooming does not lose the details, and also the image does not look juggy. Here, for example:

This vector-based image processing software is CorelDraw, Freehand, Adobe Illustrator. Usually the use of vector-based images is for printing publications, the logo of a company that requires a high level of detail. But the drawback of this vector image is the color that is stiff and unnatural so it is not suitable for the process of editing photos.

Raster / Bitmap

Raster / Bitmap images are images that are formed from dots or pixels. This graphic depends on the number of pixels so that when zooming / zooming, you will see pixel boxes of the image. Here, for example:

This raster-based image processing software is Adobe Photoshop, Corel Photo Paint, Microsoft Office Picture Manager. Usually the use of raster / bitmap-based images is for photo editing, making raster illustrations. Actually it can also be used for printing but on a large scale it is better to use vectors why? because if you use a raster you need to need more data storage than vector-based images. The advantages of this raster image are natural colors so it is highly recommended for editing photos. The unit for the graphic size of the bitmap type is dpi (dot per inch) which means the number of dots in inches.